Is CBD vape juice legal? Well, it depends on your location because it’s a non-psychoactive ingredient not everywhere prohibits but restrictions do still apply in many locations.
CBD is becoming more and more talked about and is in incredibly high demand but as a cannabinoid, it still sits in a grey area of legality. Forbes estimates that the CBD market to generate $2.1 billion by 2020 with $450 million of that coming from the sales of hemp-derived CBD.
What is CBD?
CBD is a non-psychoactive, natural and relatively safe cannabinoid. CBD can be extracted from industrial hemp, a crop that is mostly legal to grow and sell. The difference between hemp and cannabis is the THC percentage, other than that they are the same species. Industry hemp has less than 0.3% of THC which means it is impossible to get high for it yet, it’s only due to the selective breeding that cannabis is so high in THC.
CBD has been hailed with assisting in preventing seizures, anxiety and many other ailments both physically and mentally.
What is THC?
THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is the compound in cannabis that is a psychoactive and will give users the effect of being high. THC mimics the natural chemical anandamide and will alter how your brain communicates.
Substantial levels of THC can affect the way you think, remember, move and your sensory perception, amongst other side-effects. This means that it can be incredibly dangerous to drive or operate heavy machinery when under the influence.
The Difference Between CBD Oil and CBD Hemp Oil
CBD is an umbrella term to describe lots of different oils on the market.
Pure CBD is oil is made from the cannabis sativa plant and is extracted from the flower, stalks and leaves. Most strains of marijuana contain high levels of THC there are some specifically bred strains, like Charlotte’s Web and Harlequin, which have potent levels of CBD but barely any THC.
CBD hemp oil is extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant by using the cold press process, they are most often extracted from industrial hemp with has been specifically bred. Industrial hemp produces significantly low amounts of THC but high amounts of CBD. This doesn’t mean that hemp oil is less effective than the marijuana-derived CBD oil if extracted correctly and can be a great source of vitamins and minerals.
What’s the Difference Between CBD Vape Juice and CBD e-Liquids?
CBD vape juice is the umbrella term used to describe a CBD oil that was specifically developed to be vaped. E-Liquid or vape juice is the name given to pre-filled cannabis CBD oil cartridges. Unlike CBD oils they are made with Propylene Glycol or Vegetable Glycol, which act as thinning agents that make the juice vicious enough to work in vape pens.
CBD vape juice is produced from the cannabis plant and you may be able to buy it pure, meaning there are no other cannabinoids in the mix but it will not be as effective as full-spectrum products.
Cannabinoids work better when they are presented alongside other whole-plant cannabis compounds like CBG and CBC.
Once extracted, these oils are mixed with other additives. Companies that sell CBD oil tend to mix in vegetable glycerine (VG) which allows the CBD oil to separate during the smoking process.
Another substance that is added to vape oil is Propylene Glycol (PG), which will thin the oil and allow the mixture to wick. PG can cause allergic reactions and irritation amongst other side effects.
The laws around CBD are incredibly confusing in the USA. Cannabis is illegal to manufacture, import posses and use under federal law. Marijuana-derived CBD products are not legal in the United States because it is considered a by-product of marijuana. In some states marijuana-derived CBD is totally legal but in others, it is not. It really depends on the marijuana laws of your state as this is often considered under the medical marijuana category.
As of 2018, there are 8 states when cannabis plants are legal for both recreational and medicinal use. Alaska, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Oregon, Washington and Nevada allow the use of both marijuana and hemp derived CBD without any form of prescription.
46 states, including the aforementioned 8, have legalized CBD with a prescription. Whilst all legal these states all have slightly differing legislations on the THC levels found in CBD and the conditions that are allowed to be prescribed CBD. Before purchasing CBD is these states you must have a medical prescription issued by a certified medical doctor.
Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska and South Dakota have more unclear grey laws regarding the sales of CBD. Whilst it’s legal the laws are unclear regarding the production and sales of it, if you are in these states be cautious and careful when considering CBD products.
The times are ever changing with more than 20 states still debating the pros and cons of legalizing marijuana for medical use and 29 states implementing framework that allows medical marijuana applications.
Europe and the United Kingdom
Medical cannabis and CBD is legal in multiple countries of Europe including Austria, Belgium, Netherlands, Romania, Spain and Italy. Some genetics of industrial hemp is also legal to cultivate throughout Europe, so long as it’s under 0.2% THC.
CBD is legal within the United Kingdom and can be freely distributed but marijuana-derived CBD is considered illegal. Hemp cultivation is legal within EU regulations but if it has THC values of over 0.2% it is considered medical marijuana which is illegal within the UK.
Switzerland has some unique cannabis laws. THC is illegal but CBD is under no control. Cannabis products containing less than 1% THC are allowed to be sold, produced and grown. Luxembourg has also legalised the medical use of cannabis, including CBD, just as long as the strain contains less than 0.3% THC.
Canada have recently legalized cannabis not only medically but on a recreational basis, meaning it’s entirely legal and very easy to obtain.